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This is a freeview 'At a glance' guide to the taxation of dividends.

How do you tax dividend income? An at a glance guide to the dividend allowance and dividend tax rates.

At a glance

Subscribers, for detailed workings and the interaction with other reliefs and allowances, see: Dividend tax (subscriber guide) and Dividend tax: trusts

Finance Act 2016 made major changes to dividend tax from 6 April 2016: 

Overview and examples

How does this work?

If you have dividend income (dividends held outside of an ISA) of less than the dividend allowance you pay no tax on your dividends, even if you are a higher or additional rate taxpayer. Your dividends are covered by the dividend allowance.

If your total income is less than the personal allowance, your income is covered by your personal allowance and your dividend allowance is effectively unused.

If your dividend income is received through shares in an ISA, as now, these remain tax-free and the dividend allowance will not affect this income.

Example 2022-23

  Income PA BR band
Non-dividend income 6,500 6,500  
Dividend 12,000 6,070 5,930
Total 18,500 12,570 5,930
Less DA     (2,000)
 Taxed at 8.75%     3,930
 Tax due      £344

 

Example 2021-22

  Income PA BR band
Non-dividend income 6,500 6,500  
Dividend 12,000 6,070 5,930
Total 18,500 12,570 5,930
Less DA     (2,000)
 Taxed at 7.5%     3,930
 Tax due      £295

 

Example 2019-20 & 2020-21

  Income PA BR band
Non-dividend income 6,500 6,500  
Dividend 12,000 6,000 6,000
Total 18,500 12,500 6,000
Less DA     (2,000)
 Taxed at 7.5%      4,000
 Tax due      £300

 

Example 2018-19

  Income PA BR band
Non-dividend income 6,500 6,500  
Dividend 12,000 5,350 6,650
Totals 18,500 11,850 6,650
Less DA     (2,000)
 Taxed at 7.5%      4,650
 Tax due      £348.75

 

Example 2017-18

  Income   PA BR band
Non-dividend income 6,500 6,500  
Dividend 12,000 5,000 7,000
Totals 18,500 11,500  7,000
Less DA     (5,000)
 Taxed at 7.5%      2,000
 Tax due      £150

 

Example 2016-17

  Income PA BR band
Non-dividend income 6,500 6,500  
Dividend 12,000 4,500 7,500
Totals 18,500 11,000 7,500
Less Dividend Allowance     (5,000)
 Taxed at 7.5%      2,500
 Tax due      £187.50

 

Further examples show the impact of the dividend allowance and the interaction of making different claims for allowances:

Dividend FAQs 

1. How is dividend income taxed when non-dividend income is in excess of the personal allowance? For:

a) Higher rate taxpayer

b) Upper rate taxpayer

2.  What is the impact on the loss of the personal allowance at £100,000?

3. What is the impact on the High-Income Child Benefit Charge? 

4. How do dividends interact with the savings rate band and the saving allowance?

5. Have you step by step examples?

See Dividends (subscriber guide)


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